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Study Finds Bicyclists at Risk for Maxillofacial Fractures

Posted in Blog on May 24, 2013

Maxillofacial injuries are injuries to the face or jaw, and are typically caused by heavy physical trauma.  These injuries can cause potential long-term disfigurement, or disability.  A new study finds that young males as well as persons injured in bicycle accidents may be at a higher risk of suffering maxillofacial fractures.

The study was conducted by a group of researchers in the Netherlands, and the study has been published in the British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.  The study involved an analysis of 394 patients between January 2005 and December 2010.  All of these patients had been treated for maxillofacial fractures at the researchers’ institution during the study period.

The researchers found that there were more male patients than female patients admitted with maxillofacial fractures.  There were a total of 296 male patients admitted to the institution during this period of time, compared to 98 female patients.  The researchers also found that the average age of the males admitted to the hospital with maxillofacial fractures was much lower than the age of the females.  In the case of males, the average age was between 21 and 30 years.

The biggest cause of maxillofacial fractures that the researchers noticed was road accidents, with 42% of all maxillofacial fractures caused by auto accidents.  Out of these, bicycle accidents were the most common traffic-related accident linked to maxillofacial fractures.  Approximately 18% of all fractures were caused in bicycle accidents.  Car accidents accounted for 13% of maxillofacial fractures, while moped accidents accounted for 6% of fractures, and motorcycle accidents accounted for 3% of thee injuries.  However, the risk of suffering maxillofacial fractures can be reduced significantly by using a bicycle helmet.

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